Confucius is a Chinese thinker and social philosopher. His theory and philosophy have deeply influenced the thoughts and lives of China, South Korea, Japan and Vietnam. His philosophy emphasizes the morality of individuals and governments, the correctness of social relations, justice and sincerity.
These values are more prominent in China than other theories, such as Legalists or Taoism in Han Dynasty. Confucius' thought has developed into a philosophical system called Confucianism. It was created by Matteo, a Jesuit Ricci was the first person to translate his doctrines into "Confucius" in Latin.
He found a set of "simple sentences" in the Analects of Confucius, which was compiled many years after his death. Modern historians do not think that any specific literature can be said to be written by Confucius, but in recent years, he is considered as the editor or author of five clic works such as the Analects of Confucius Zhe and the spring and Autumn Annals.
Confucius's Confucianism is the foundation of Confucianism, the philosophical system of Confucius's theory, and it dominates China's history, and it affects the culture of Korea, Japan and Indochina to a large extent. Confucianism is the recruiting place for government posts. It was filled by those who scored the highest on the Confucian clics test, and it was integrated with popular and foreign religions and became a tool for explaining Chinese customs to farmers.
The school's doctrine supports political authority and uses the theory of destiny to help the rulers maintain a stable standard of living and sorting out and preserving traditions for the domestic tax paying farmers. It cultivates the believers' benevolence, traditional etiquette, filial piety, loyalty, respect for the old and love the young, and the principled flexibility of providing advice to the rulers.
From September B.C. to the beginning of April B.C., Confucius was named the son of Zhongni, a Han nationality. In the spring and Autumn period, Confucius was a great thinker and educator in ancient China, the founder of Confucianism, and one of the most famous cultural figures in the world.
He compiled the first annals of China. According to the spring and Autumn Annals, Confucius was born in the town of Changping (now Southeast of Qufu City, Shandong Province) Confucius ped away at the age of only one year old and was buried in Surabaya, north of Qufu. Among them, the essays of Confucius Lin, who is the main body of Confucius' thoughts of words and deeds, are extracted from the Analects of Confucius and preserved under the historical records of Confucius' genealogy during the Qin and Han Dynasties.